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Everyday we use medications to effectively treat medical conditions and without them, we won’t be able to function properly and live the way we want. Although medications are necessary for treatment being aware of their side effects is important. This includes using a benzodiazepine medication called Diazepam, primarily used for the treatment of Anxiety, muscle spasms, and seizures.
Diazepam or Valium belongs to a class of drugs known as benzodiazepines which produce a sedative, anxiety-relief, and calming effect. It’s a short-term used medication for treating severe Anxiety which includes panic attacks. Additionally, it's also used for the treatment of Insomnia associated with Anxiety and just like any other medications diazepam has its side effects.

Common Side Effects of Using Diazepam or Valium

1. Drowsiness

Drowsiness is another term for sleepiness and its a symptom of feeling abnormally sleepy. In addition, it is caused by using prescription medications like Diazepam that calms the brain resulting in drowsiness.

2. Muscle Weakness

It's the lack of muscle strength that affects body coordination and motor control. Additionally, it is caused by the decrease of potassium and electrolytes within the muscle cells. Other than that, taking a prescription medication like Diazepam for muscle spasm can cause muscle weakness.

3. Tiredness or Fatigue

The feeling when you want to get out of bed but don’t have the energy to do it. Also, your body feels too heavy and weak to even do your work properly. In addition, it affects focus or concentration to do the work.

4. Dizziness

A situation wherein your vision is affected and your surroundings suddenly spin around. Also, it's a kind of feeling when you experience seasickness. Using diazepam can cause dizziness resulting in clumsiness and loss of balance. If this side effect worsens, it could cause a loss of consciousness and fainting. Before it happens, go to a doctor for a consult regarding the situation.

5. Headache

It’s a dull painful sting in one or both sides of the brain caused by the increased pressure of the nerves. Using diazepam can cause a headache even without taking a higher dose of this medication. If this side effect persists and becomes uncomfortable consult with a doctor.

6. Dry mouth

Having a dry mouth means that the mouth lacks saliva to maintain its moisture and wetness. In addition, it’s a dry feeling around the mouth which makes you thirsty and look dehydrated. Using a prescription medication like Diazepam restricts the salivary glands to produce saliva.

7. Blurred Vision

It’s a side effect of Diazepam where the details of an object or place become blurred. It usually occurs usually after experiencing Headache, Nausea, and Dizziness.

8. Nausea and Vomiting

Nausea is the sensation of uneasiness and discomfort before Vomiting. Vomiting, on the other hand, is the involuntarily expelling of your stomach contents through the mouth. In addition, it is caused by heartburn, infections, motion sickness, diet, and pain. Also using prescription medications can cause nausea and vomiting. Taking a higher dose or beyond what is prescribed can also cause them.

Severe Side Effects of Using Diazepam (Valium)

1. Jaundice

It’s a medical condition where your skin and the white part of the eyes turns into a yellowish color. It is caused by an excessive amount of pigment called Bilburin or the breakdown of red blood cells in the skin and eyes. In addition, using diazepam can also cause jaundice which increases the levels of Bilburin present in the eyes and skin. If this side effect occurs, it’s advised to get medical attention immediately.

2. Neutropenia

A Neutrophil is a white blood cell which plays a huge role in fighting against bacteria and infections. They circulate through the bloodstream and the first ones to come in contact with bacteria or infection carrying microbes. Additionally, once they come in contact with the microbes it works by eliminating or killing them. Using a prescription medication like diazepam can decrease the number of neutrophils in the blood resulting in a condition called Neutropenia. In addition, with the lack of neutrophils present in the blood, the body has a higher risk of bacteria and infection.

3. Worsening Seizures

The sudden occurrence of Seizures is a sign of a brain problem. It occurs due to the sudden electric impulses in the brain. It can cause convulsion which is the uncontrollable rapid shaking of certain parts of the body. In addition, it affects thinking and consciousness.
Using diazepam stops seizures and it works by calming the brain and the nerves. However, you can still experience frequent mild and severe seizures when using diazepam. In addition, if you decide to stop using diazepam you can experience more temporary seizures.

Rare but Serious Side Effects of Using Diazepam (Valium)

1. Allergic Reaction

An allergic reaction occurs when the body overreacts to substances which the body consumes. This includes eating contaminated food or water and even the use of prescription medications like Diazepam (Valium). The occurrence of allergic reaction would result in the appearance of rashes in any area of the skin. In addition, it causes discomfort due to its painful and itchy sensation. Also, once you scratch the surface of the affected area, rashes can quickly spread all over the body. For this reason, as much as possible don't attempt to scratch and immediately consult a doctor before it worsens. Leaving it untreated can cause anaphylactic shock which can cause shortness of breath and decrease of blood pressure. The earlier it's treated the better, to prevent the allergy from becoming fatal and a threat to life.

2. Hallucinations

Hallucinations are created by the mind and it's also the perception of something real which doesn't exist. This involves the four senses like sight, hearing, touch, and smell. Other than that, they are caused by certain mental illnesses or conditions as well as the use of prescription medications like Diazepam. Experiencing hallucinations due to Diazepam is a sign of a more serious problem which needs immediate treatment. Consult with a doctor or rather get medical help if the side effects occur or persist.

3. Suicidal Thoughts

Having thoughts of suicide is the urge to take away one’s life due to the inability to coping with stressful situations. It is caused by feelings of hopelessness, worth, agitation, and psychiatric disorder like depression. Drinking and Abusing alcohol can also worsen suicidal thoughts causing you to act reckless or impulsive. In addition, people who have these thoughts may have cases or family history of attempted suicide.

4. Mental Changes

Depression or Major depression disorder is a medical illness which affects a persons emotion, action, and thinking. It is caused by feelings of sadness, difficulty in sleeping, and Anxiety, as well as using prescription medications like Diazepam. Using diazepam builds up into the body which leads to the symptoms of depression.
Being aware of the side effects is important when buying or using Diazepam for Anxiety, muscle spasms, and seizures. Another important thing to discuss is the possibility of an allergic reaction due to using Diazepam. If the user is allergic to diazepam, the doctor should be informed before receiving a prescription.
When it comes to administering diazepam, users should always follow the doctor’s instructions which includes using the proper dosage. To prevent physical and psychological risk, it’s advised that every user should not increase the dose beyond what is prescribed. Only do this, if the doctor prescribed you to increase or decrease the dose.