Diazepam is a benzodiazepine drug and is known under the brand name Valium. It is known as the most popular and single-handedly most prescribed medication by doctors. Diazepam is a short term treatment for insomnia and severe Anxiety disorders including panic attacks and episodes of bipolar disorder. It also relieves muscle spasms associated with the head, back, or neck injuries as well as motor neuron disease, cerebral palsy, tetanus, and poisoning. Diazepam also helps in managing alcohol withdrawal symptoms such as sweating, agitation or difficulty sleeping. This drug is also used with other medications to control seizures. Furthermore, it can also be taken before an operation, dental treatments and other medical operations to help patients relax.
Diazepam works by increasing the activity of a neurotransmitter in the brain – GABA. These neurotransmitters are responsible for transmitting messages between the nerve cells. It also acts as a natural nerve-calming or tranquilizer agent. By taking Diazepam or Valium, it increases the calming effects to keep the nerve activity in the brain in balance.